Novosibirsk region doesn't differ too much from that of Middle
Europe, though there are some particular Siberian species.
On the whole there are 1200 species of plants. Plant cover
is very varied. In the North there is swamped dark coniferous
taiga which consists of cedars, fir-trees and silver-firs.
Here also a lot of moss, lichen, ledum, fern, cowberries
and crowberries can be found. To the South birch-trees, pines
and aspens begin to prevail. Forest - steppe landscape is
typical for region, fields go in turn with little forests
can find a lot of herbs such as St John's wort, milfoil,
lungwort. In Barabinsk Steppe there are a lot of wet meadows
and swamps with reed, cane and other plants. Kulundinskaya
Steppe begins in the south- west of region. The characteristic
plants her are wormwood, . Novosibirsk region is rich in
pine forests stretching along the river Ob. In forests a
lot of mushrooms and berries grow.
the region resembles that of Middle and North Europe but
there are also some significant differences. The taiga and
steppe zones are only 200 km from each other so one can find
species peculiar to the north as well as to the south. There
are about 80 species of mammals in the region, such mice
gophers, hedgehogs, moles, bats, squirrels. the banks of
small rivers beavers live.
In the north
forests there are foxes, wolves, sables, reindeers, elks,
a few bears. In rivers and lakes of our region 30 species
of fish are found, sturgeon, starlet, eel-pot, pike, perch,
carp and others. There are not many amphibians and reptiles:
three species of frogs, two of trots, triton, grass snake
and adder. There are about three hundred species of birds.
Such variety is explained by great number of small rivers,
description of species and two photos we used a book: Bannikov
A.F. Phlint V.E. My dolzhny ih spasti. M. Mysl, 1982. Other
photos were taken by students at the nature museum